It is difficult to see how the military will benefit from another coup, since it already enjoyed immense political and economic influence under the previous power-sharing agreement.

Just before the newly elected members of Myanmars parliament were due to be sworn in today, the military detained the countrys de facto leader, Aung San Suu Kyi; the president, Win Myint; and other key figures from the elected ruling party, the National League for Democracy.
The military later announced it had taken control of the country for 12 months and declared a state of emergency. This is a coup d’etat, whether the military calls it that or not.
A disputed election and claims of fraud
In November, the NLD and Suu Kyi won a landslide victory in national elections, with the military-backed Union Solidarity and Development Party (USDP) faring poorly in its key strongholds.
Humiliated by the result, the USDP alleged the election was subject to widespread fraud. However, international observers, including the Carter Center, the Asian Network for Free Elections and the European Unions Election Observation Mission, all declared the elections a success. The EUs preliminary statement noted that 95% of observers had rated the process good or very good.
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Reputable local organisations, such as the Peoples Alliance for Credible Elections (PACE), agreed. These groups issued a joint statement on January 21 saying
the results of the elections were credible and reflected the will of the majority voters.
Yet, taking a page out of former US President Donald Trumps book, the USDP pressed its claims of fraud despite the absence of any substantial evidence a move designed to undermine the legitimacy of the elections.
Supporters of the Myanmar military protest the election results in Yangon last weekend.Thein Zaw/AP
The military did not initially back the USDPs claims, but it has gradually begun to provide the party with more support, with the commander-in-chief of the armed forces, General Min Aung Hlaing, refusing to rule out a coup last week.
The following day, the countrys election authorities broke weeks of silence and firmly rejected the USDPs claims of widespread fraud setting the stage for what Myanmar historian Thant Myint-U called
[Myanmars] most acute constitutional crisis since the abolition of the old junta in 2010.
Tensions have been running high ahead of this weeks opening of Myanmars parliament, with roadblocks set up in the capital.Aung Shine Oo/AP
The civilian-military power-sharing arrangement
It is difficult to see how the military will benefit from todays actions, since the power-sharing arrangement it had struck with the NLD under the 2008 constitution had already allowed it to expand its influence and economic interests in the country.
The military had previously ruled Myanmar for half a century after General Ne Win launched a coup in 1962. A so-called internal self-coup in 1988 brought a new batch of military generals to power. That junta, led by Senior General Than Shwe, allowed elections in 1990 that were won in a landslide by Suu Kyis party. The military leaders, however, refused to acknowledge the results.
In 2008, a new constitution was drawn up by the junta which reserved 25% of the national parliament seats for the military and allowed it to appoint the ministers of defence, border affairs and home affairs, as well as a vice president. Elections in 2010 were boycotted by the NLD, but the party won a resounding victory in the next elections in 2015.
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Since early 2016, Suu Kyi has been de facto leader of Myanmar, even though there is still no civilian oversight of the military. Until this past week, the relationship between civilian and military authorities was tense at times, but overall largely cordial. It was based on a mutual recognition of overlapping interests in key areas of national policy.
Indeed, this power-sharing arrangement has been extremely comfortable for the military, as it has had full autonomy over security matters and maintained lucrative economic interests.
The partnership allowed the militarys clearance operations in Rakhine State in 2017 that resulted in the exodus of 740,000 mostly Muslim Rohingya refugees to Bangladesh.
In the wake of that pogrom, Suu Kyi vigorously defended both the country and its military at the International Court of Justice. Myanmars global reputation and Suu Kyis once-esteemed personal standing suffered deeply and never recovered.
Nonetheless, there was one key point of contention between the NLD and military: the constitutional prohibitions that made it impossible for Suu Kyi to officially take the presidency. Some NLD figures have also voiced deep concerns about the permanent role claimed by the armed forces as an arbiter of all legal and constitutional matters in the country.
The Myanmar military has alleged that the general elections held in November were not free and fair.Nyein Chan Naing/EPA
A backwards step for Myanmar
Regardless of how events unfold this week and beyond, Myanmars fragile democracy has been severely undermined by the militarys actions.
The NLD government has certainly had its shortcomings, but a military coup is a significant backwards step for Myanmar and is bad news for democracy in the region.
Its difficult to see this action as anything other than a way for General Min Aung Hlaing to retain his prominent position in national politics, given he is mandated to retire this year when he turns 65. With the poor electoral performance of the USDP, there are no other conceivable political routes to power, such as through the presidency.
Min Aung Hlaing retains enormous power as chief of Myanmars military.NARONG SANGNAK/EPA
A coup will be counterproductive for the military in many ways. Governments around the world will likely now apply or extend sanctions on members of the military. Indeed, the US has released a statement saying it would take action against those responsible. Foreign investment in the country except perhaps from China is also likely to plummet.
As Myanmars people have already enjoyed a decade of increased political freedoms, they are also likely to be uncooperative subjects as military rule is re-imposed.
The 2020 general election demonstrated, once again, the distaste in Myanmar for the political role of the armed forces and the enduring popularity of Suu Kyi. Her detention undermines the fragile coalition that was steering Myanmar through a perilous period, and could prove a messy end to the profitable détente between civilian and military forces.